The crisis of the banking sector triggered all sorts of new mechanisms for financing human action and investment. Together with new technological opportunities we see the emergence of new forms of financing. Especially in emerging economies interesting solutions are found. Bitcoins emerged as a pure digital form of financing, other initiatives act as intermediaries and bypass the banking functions and regulations. Local currencies are used by networks of small and medium sized enterprises and the local community. Crowdfunding became a popular way to establish direct links between enterprises, innovators, start ups and investors. The new SID-ISS Discussion Series for the fall of 2016 explores the deeper background of these emerging forms and the resurgence of old forms of financing.